There is a need to recognize that change does not happen in isolation, as it impacts the whole organization, the whole system. They are usually holders of great financial resources and may influence the political structure of our country. Be able to describe the interrelationship among the five … Factors affecting curriculum implementation for students Gautam Kumar Chaudhary Abstract Curriculum implementation entails putting into practice the officially prescribed courses of study, syllabuses and subjects. One factor that plays a primary role is the excessive number of temporary and or part time teachers. In order to cope with change and the emerging problems, we have to accept a … Rural areas especially suffer from the lack of resources. The design used for the study was descriptive survey. More often there are a number of issues militating against the implementation of government policies hence,  this has become a serious challenge anytime there is need for policy implementation. In some schools, students have to pay for their books and even supply their schools with necessary equipment. It is also a Nigerian based unlike the foreign models we have been using that is alien to us. Curriculum implementation therefore refers to how the planned or officially designed course study is translated by the teacher of into syllabuses, schemes of work and lessons to be delivered to learners (University of Zimbabwe 1995:9). As a curriculum implementer it means that the teacher is the one who brings the curriculum documents to limelight and to reality. We hope that these issues would get resolved in the nearest future, so that Nigerian students can receive quality education and stay healthy. African educators have had to implement a new curriculum, accept diversity and address inclusive education with little or no training, insight and knowledge. Read Also: The Role of Information and Communication Technology ICT in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice www. Also get our free e-book on the topic: 7 Guidelines to Successful Strategy Implementation. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. The Nigerian state over time has came with different education policies starting from 6-5-6 system of education to that of 6-3-3-4 system up to the present education system of 9-3-4. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Challenges at all levels in education, impact on the successful education of children and the future of young adults who must as equal members of society enter a fast changing global economy. Primary education is the core of development and progress in modern societies. Nigerian teachers are becoming more appreciative of seminars. This involves the dissemination of the structured set of learning experiences, the provision of resources to effectively execute the plan, and the actual execution of the plan in the classroom setting where teacher-learner interactions take place (Ivowi, 2009). Examination changes the way you think about curriculum. The issues that are currently influencing curriculum development can be explicated. A curriculum is a set of courses, course work and topics, offered in schools. The country in 2015 had a youth literacy rate of 72.8 percent and an adult literacy rate of 59.6 percent compared to global rates of 90.6 percent and 85.3 percent … The world is growing at a tremendous rate when knowledge is concerned. Curriculum implementation could be hindered by a lack of the positive factors identified above. 1. In addition, the following factors could have a negative impact on curriculum change. Aligned with the Curriculum Implementation On November 3, 2010, the State Council of China issued five policies and measures for early childhood education, one of which is "to strengthen the construction of preschool teaching staff". Many people in Nigeria still believe that only men should be in positions of power. 2. How can we improve the evaluation of short-term field testing and curriculum implementation? At the same time, if a school is situated in not the best place on earth then it’s highly possible that the school may change the whole curriculum to support the interest of learners. 1. Curriculum Implementation 3 Support Programme directly by telephone, and a Curriculum Advisory Line was established to facilitate direct communication with curriculum support personnel on the implementation of the curriculum. Some teachers are soused to how they previously taught their subject. Implementation scholars exhibit wide differences on a number of crucial issues. Nevertheless, it’s advised to consider every possible factor that can affect curriculum implementation in order to develop effective curriculum for education. Environmental Variables And Implementation Of Curriculum In Secondary Schools . However, Nigeria is ladened by a number of problems when curriculum implementation is concerned. 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Beginning from the colonial period through the independence era, various opinions and views were expressed over what should constitute a functional utilitarian school curriculum. READ ALSO: Nigeria Police recruitment 2018 begins: date and requirements, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, Restructuring Nigeria’s overbloated academic curricular by Moshood Olajide (opinion), The future belongs to creators, says Rotimi Bankole as he launches SBI Media Workshop, School resumption: Lagos releases calendar for 2020/2021 session. google_ad_height = 600; Problems and Prospects of Curriculum Implementation in Nigeria, Effects of ASUU Strike on Nigerian education, How To Prepare And Pass NECO In One Sitting Without Cheating, Ready, Steady, Go: Grab All the Benefits That Amazon AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional Certification Offers You, How to become a Medical Doctor in Nigeria. Criteria for evaluating These are the issues explored in this paper, ... inherited curriculum and identifi ed new national goals for Nigeria’s ... 250 N.S. If teachers are provided to be the arbiters of the learning process, but the learners actually hold the key to the idea of curriculum activity. A curriculum in simple terms is the aggregate of subjects/courses and topics that are being or should be offered in schools. Nigerian government on its part has failed in developing some kits that could help in enhancing the teaching and learning in Nigerian schools. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. See the Problems and Prospects of Curriculum Implementation in Nigeria. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Strategy implementation is the translation of chosen strategy into organizational action so as to achieve strategic goals and objectives.Strategy implementation is also defined as the manner in which an organization should develop, utilize, and amalgamate organizational structure, control systems, and culture to follow strategies that lead to competitive advantage and a better … As Nigeria begin to use the diamond based shaped curriculum by Professor Enukoha, the curriculum process will be effectively developed. The number of people with mobile gadgets is rapidly increasing in Nigeria. The use of information and communication technology in teaching and learning cannot be overemphasized. FACTORS INFLUENCING IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN UKWALA DIVISION OF SIAYA COUNTY, KENYA Omondi Martin Patius A Research Project Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Education in Curriculum Studies University of Nairobi 2014 . This chapter begins by presenting an integrated and practical discussion of curriculum and its implementation that serves as a foundation for implement-ing RTI. The process involves helping the learner acquire knowledge or experience. 3. Where implementation starts or end is riot settled. It also undertakes the analysis of implementation strategies with attendant challenges Against this back ground, and in line with the argument of Ugo and Ukpere (2011) that an adequate solution to the problem of effective policy implementation failures in Nigeria must stem logically When teachers are not actively involved in the planning of the curriculum, a problem builds up since it is these teachers that interact with the students, know what they need and in what proportion, and actually make use of the curriculum. org ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol 3, No 15, 2012 127 The Challenges of Curriculum Implementation in Nigeria Teacher Education Odey Edward Ogar,* Effiong, Abigail Aniefiok Department of Curriculum and Teaching, Faculty of Education,University of Calabar, Cross River State,Nigeria. The purpose of this research was to identify the reasons for delay in implementation of the COME curriculum and to assess … It’s obvious that no meaningful teaching process can be provided without resources and facilities. In attempting to describe a time so proximate, faculty run the risk of either overlooking what will become an enduring feature of the time or underestimating the difficulty in winnowing the significant issues from the irrelevant ones. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. provides putting into practice the officially prescribed courses of study. Implementation of curriculum is also affected by the school environment. As you can see, there are a lot of problems with physical health education in Nigeria. Information can be compressed in such a way that students begin to see the actual idea the teacher is trying to impact into them. The National Policy on Education (NPE) in Nigeria is the followed national guideline for the effective management, administration and implementation of education at all tiers of government. Curriculum issues have always occupied the center stage in academic discourse in Nigeria. Hence, with time, Nigerian students would be able to at least keep up with the pace the curriculum is running at. However, studies have revealed that much of what is trainable technological wise are not obtainable in most Nigerian schools hence, noncompliance to the application of these modern techniques in teaching and learning. For instance, if a school located in a quiet and pleasant socioeconomic area, then this school may implement some extracurricular activities that can be suited for the people of that area. Also, a host of these temporary teachers are usually not dedicated, while others dont have the zeal and skill to teach. The 6-5-4 system also came, and so many others. problems for the researchers, decision makers, curriculum developers and practitioners in Turkey. There are many causes of gender inequality in Nigeria. The development and implementation of curriculum in Bahraini Schools I think that curriculum developers in the Ministry of Education understand the challenges facing students in schools from learning point of view. Challenges for … where, contrarily, ineffective implementation of policies has become very critical and worrisome. By this i mean instructional materials which is yet another problem when it comes to the issue of school curriculum implementation. It is also used for laying the foundation for a sustainable growth and development of any nation. The teachers' main assignment in the school is the implementation of the curriculum. Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. to develop character iii. The problem of Nigerian government is  instead of looking inward to see if it can profer solution to the existing problem by way of examining, analysing, or evaluating in order to come by the remote cause of the problem and a possible way to come out of the problem, the Nigerian government will believe perhaps, changing or replacing the policy will serve as the solution to the problem. However, although schools have had computers for almost two decades and some with ICT CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION For complete project material – call us with 07068634102 1.1 Background to the Study Education is a vital investment for human and economic … For example, we were used to 9 planets in the solar system. Curriculum 2005, which was South Africa’s version of outcomes-based education (OBE), was introduced in1997 . Parents and the general community support on matters regarding the curriculum implementation was minimal. This work is a review of some policy implementations in Nigeria. This implies that one can not discuss elaborately on curriculum without the mention of the teacher who is the curriculum implementer. Many are grappling on what and what should be a part and parcel of the curriculum and what should not. Weak Strategy. In Nigeria, poor curriculum implementation is a major problem. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. Five selected issues from each area are given below: 3.1 Holistic curriculum conception (planning, implementation, evaluation)-total 36 issues 1. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; So, we take a look at the history of curriculum development in Nigeria. What are the consequences of copyright infringement? The study concludes by pointing out that although SMTs and teachers try to perform their roles and responsibilities to ensure effective implementation of curriculum in their contexts, they still require training and on-going support … Your email address will not be published. 1 Introduction Change is an important component of curriculum dynamics and we have to study and manage change for a better future. CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND ... Development (KICD) incorporates P.E in the school curriculum and the Teachers` Service Commission (T.S.C) recruits and staffs public schools with P.E teachers. Infact, Universal basic education came as another change of policy in Nigerian education system. Teachers are the first people to implement their role in the curriculum for their students. Teachers encounter various problems in trying to implement curriculum reforms and educational policies in schools. An example is the universal primary education (UPE) which was launched in 1976 to ensure that every child who had attained such age that he or she is ripe for school, should be enrolled in school. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION: FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TOWARDS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN ZIMBABWE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM Dr. Kurasha Primrose Vice Chancellor Zimbabwe Open University, Zimbabwe Chabaya Raphinos Alexander Regional Campus Director, ZOU, Zimbabwe Cite this Paper: Primrose, K. & Alexander, C. R. (2013) Curriculum development and implementation… Students are the central figure of any curriculum development. The problem of curriculum implementation seems to be reducing at a constant rate in the country. Teachers, the curriculum implementation facilitators ought to have a clear picture of what impact the curriculum will have on the student, teachers, and also in terms of socioeconomic growth of this nation. Full implementation takes place when learners acquire the planned skills, attitudes and ideas which are aimed to enable them effectively and optimally in the society. For years, education in Nigeria has been a major concern. For example, universal primary education, when it was launched, there was this policy that stipulated that every child who has attained school age should be in school as the policy also clearly stated that the school would be free and compulsory. For example, Youth Corpers are posted to secondary schools across the country. They usually select what they need to teach to their students and how it may affect the whole teaching process. Brief Introduction about the Current Curriculum in China Education and care for children between the ages of 3 and 6 are primarily provided in kindergartens which usually provide full-day programs. The work of the teacher in curriculum implementation can not be over-emphasized. They teach for less than a year and a new set of core members replace them. Staffing issues. Read the publication. Challenges of implementing the School curriculum in Nigeria. Education has become one of the most powerful weapons known for reducing poverty and inequality in modern societies. Definition of Curriculum Implementation: This term refers to the act of working out the plans and suggestions that have been made by curriculum specialists and subject experts in a classroom or school setting. Reason is obvious. How politics influences curriculum design and … There is no time to settle into the system and work wit the curriculum properly. Another factor that affects curriculum development is the frequent changes in educational policies. This is referred to as alternative channel of communication, and there is no provision of this important aspect of communication in learning and teaching. Chapter Five FACTORS AFFECTING IMPLEMENTATION The conceptual framework outlined in Chapter Two pointed to the possible interrelationships between teacher background character-istics, school characteristics, district support, and assistance pro-vided by design teams and implementation of the key components of designs. 5. In spite of the series of curriculum developments over the years, the Nigerian education sector is plagued by several challenges including the inadequate supply of teaching materials, disjointed policy implementation and poor organization of curriculum contents. READ ALSO: KPMG recruitment for graduates, Let’s take a look at the top 8 factors that affect curriculum implementation in Nigeria. implementation and 3. nonstatutory variables affecting implementation. to curriculum imbalance, wasted work effort, personal unhappiness, and human pathology. There is a problem on how to adequately meet the needs of these bodies. The concrete measures include: to determine a reasonable child-teacher ratio, gradually cultivate Domike, Grace Chikadibia, and Edward Ogar Odey. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. Again, the issue of using different methods to communicate knowledge to students is another grave matter. Learners may also influence the curriculum implementation in Nigeria. They need to understand the curriculum change. Teachers are usually involved in constructing and implementation of curriculum in Nigeria. Factors affecting curriculum development include government rules, which in turn brings other factors into the process. The previous chapter described a summary … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. curriculum changes during their tertiary education. The government efforts in developing school curriculum may amount to waste of time, money, energy until teachers whose work of implementation is anchored on be trained. Since when Nigeria got independence, teachers have contributed immensely to the overall socioeconomic growth of Nigeria, hence, their impacts on the national development cannot be underestimated because through them the implementation of education program and policy and curriculum has been translated and as well implemented in the interest of the nation’s education system. In rural areas there are some one-year pre-primary. In view of the different system in Nigeria, there is need to put things straight. The point of a strategy is a new vision. 2. curriculum implementation are identified, including the nature of official curriculum documents, teacher content knowledge, the nature of the topic, differences between teachers’ beliefs and the underlying ideology of the proposed curriculum, learner and parental expectations, institutional arrangements, and time restrictions. It is important to note that curriculum implementation cannot take place without … became operational in 1999 when President This is largely because these devices have become cheaper and more affordable. 6.2 Factors hindering implementation. – Lack of Instructional Materials One thing is to develop school curriculum and another thing is that of the implementation of the curriculum, this therefore, brings the difference or actually explained the difference that exists between the development of government policies and the implementation aspect of it. It success cannot be achieved without teachers education. Different examination bodies have their different standards and techniques, not to talk of approaches to questions. Politics affect curriculum development in numerous ways. This makes the curriculum useless. Learn more education in Nigeria facts here! Many of them affect other spheres of education as well, while some are quite unique for this specific field. However, how many students in secondary schools have laptops? Factors affecting teacher’s implementation of curriculum reforms and educational policies The process of implementation is problematic. Since the world is advancing technologically, the new trend of curriculums require students to be familiar with computers and make use of them. factors affecting curriculum implementation (roles of stake holders) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. However, in 2008, Nigerian … There has been significant revolution in the education sector in Nigeria and there definitely needs to be national policy reforms to align with the current trend(s) in the sector to … This low rate of enrollment to basic education in Nigeria has further increased illiteracy level in Nigeria. Here are some of the problems. It applies a descriptive research method to espouse the views of varied scholars on the key issues affecting policy development and implementation in Nigeria federal system. Curriculum development• Developing or revising a curriculum one isfaced a number of problems and issues. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Three research questions and related hypotheses were raised to guide the study. This article talked about Curriculum implementation and the obvious problems and challenges it is ladened with in Nigeria, and it can be seen that there is hope for a brighter tomorrow in this angle. 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