Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. Other scientific names. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Privacy Policy 1916. Their study showed that Spartina and Sporobolus are not 2 separate genera, but rather, that plants in the Spartina group actually belong within the Sporobolus genus. Related Species: There are no native Spartina species in Alaska. Delaware Marketplace alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Common name. Business First Steps, Phone Directory Elected Officials Please see. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … 1989, Shields 1999). Limnetis glabra Nutt. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. Spartina patens salt meadow cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes. Preferred name: Spartina alterniflora ; Authority: Loiseleur ; Notes. Spartina alterniflora : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Spartina alterniflora ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Weather & Travel, Contact Us Hubbard), and saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens (Ait.)Muhl.) Common name: Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. alterni-flora (Loiseleur) St.-Yves; S. stricta Roth var. ©MMXVIII Delaware.gov, The Official Blog of the Wetland Monitoring & Assessment Program. Flora category. It is native to the coastline of southern South America, where it is a … Spartina bakeri Marsh Grass, Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. Spartina glabra var. Cities & Towns Facebook  Twitter  Instagram  Pinterest  YouTube  RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach. State Regulations Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) According to the key S. Delaware's Governor pilosa (Merr.) Spartina alterniflora FAMILY Poaceae. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. E-mail / Text Alerts Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. Common name. Surprisingly, these name changes are not as new as they may seem. American spartina. Such molecular studies can clarify, and sometimes refute, older proposed classifications. 2014. One of the most common, however, is smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora). smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora is found on muddy banks, usually of the intertidal zone, in eastern North and South America, but it is not known from Central America. Science 306:968-969, https://bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation/src/2e0870ddd59836b60bcf96646a41e87ea5a5943a/coarse grained fna xml/V25/V25 854.xml, Copyright is held by the Flora of North America Association for all volumes except Volumes 24 and 25 (Poaceae). glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. It is a perennial grass that spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes, as well as through seed. May be submerged at high tide. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Our team has become especially well-acquainted with this grass, known by most as Spartina alterniflora, as we have visited hundreds of tidal wetland sites over the years. Spartina glabra Muhl. Tax Center This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. alterniflora (Loiseleur) A. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. According to the key S. Corporations The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Common name smooth cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora var. Smooth cordgrass is a native perennial grass with flat, blade-like leaves. Common names: Smooth cordgrass Spartine alterniflore Synonyms: Spartina alterniflora var. State Agencies Grass, Sedge, or Rush and Labr. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. Within this context, the phylogenetic relationships provided by Peterson et al. Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes.It has been reclassified as Sporobolus alterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina alterniflora is still in common usage. J.M. Home > Plant Directory > Spartina alterniflora. It is an allotetraploid species derived from the hybrid Spartina × townsendii, which arose when the European native cordgrass Spartina maritima (Small Cordgrass) hybridised with the introduced American Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass). The State Noxious Weed Control Board, USA. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Video ID segment (2-3 minutes) Online image request form. Spartina alterniflora var. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Grows 3 to 7 feet high. Common names Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass in language. Spartina townsendii: its mode of establishment, economic uses and taxonomic status. WSSA list of weeds in North America. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Public Meetings Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid ... Spartina (Spartina alterniflora, S. anglica). The rhizomes and scales of S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the anaerobic soils of its usual habitat. « Back to Records. 1916. Smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, either in shipments of oysters […] alterniflora (Loiseleur) Merrill; S. maritima (Curtis) Fernald var. Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Look for it in salt marshes, per Weakley's Flora. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. From DNA analyses, it seems that the genus Spartina and the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected. Spartina alterniflora x S. foliosa Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. Much to our surprise, Spartina alterniflora was recently renamed as Sporobolus alterniflorus. General Assembly Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Plants rhizomatous; rhizomes elongate, flaccid, white, scales inflated, not or only slightly imbricate. Mobile Apps It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… Oliver FW, 1925. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Delaware Topics Tropicos. This was the case for Peterson et al., who published their research in 2014 in the journal TAXON. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. It’s time to become reacquainted with our tidal marsh inhabitants! State Employees Appendix A (TABLE A1). Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae . Spartina alterniflora var. Fernald. Franchise Tax Common Name: smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loisel. Common Name: CORD GRASS. smooth cordgrass. Native to Florida. NWCB, 2005. Sources: Peterson, P. M., Romaschenko, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and J. M. Saarela. ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Search. This document is FPS-554, one of a series of the Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Introduction of foreign species. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Stem: erect, unbranched. salt-water cordgrass in language. Those classifications were largely based on visible features of plants, where species were grouped together based on shared physical, or morphological, traits. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. Habit: Perennial herb, generally with rhizomes.Stem: erect, unbranched.Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath open, > internodes, glabrous, margin of sheath opening sometimes with long, shaggy hairs; ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5--2 mm; blade flat to inrolled, long tapered, upper surface ridged.Inflorescence: panicle-like; each spike-like branch with 2 rows of overlapping spikelets on lower side of axis. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina anglica (Common Cordgrass) is a species of cordgrass that originated in southern England in about 1870. TAXON, 63: 1212-1243. List of arthropod species recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment. Overview Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Similar Species: Denseflower cordgrass (Spartina densiflora Brongn. Aquatic Plants of Florida, Inc. Sarasota, FL. Gray; Trachynotia alterniflora (Loiseleur) Candolle. Spartina densiflorais a species of grass known by the common name denseflower cordgrass. Smooth Cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)Alternate common name: Saltwater Cordgrass, Marsh Grass. A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae). Withholding Tax Some other molecular studies as early as 2001 actually suggested that Spartina was within Sporobolus as well. Closely related California non-natives: 3. New World Grasses. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. It is not just our beloved Spartina alterniflora that has gotten a name change, though; all species that were before placed in the genus Spartina have now been reclassified to the genus Sporobolus. more defensible. It has been reclassified as Sporobolus montevidensisafter a taxonomic revision in 2014, but Spartina densiflorais still in common usage. It grows in low-lying, salt and brackish tidal marshes along the shores of the middle and lower Chesapeake Bay. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Journal of Ecology, 13:74-91. Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott var. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. S. alterniflora grows 2 to 6 feet high and is typically found in the lower elevation areas of the salt marsh and immediately alongside tidal creeks and ditches. Transparency It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Common names. It is adapted to near shore habitats including salt marshes, mudflats and estuarine margins. pilosa Spartina alterniflora var. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Common Names. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. Expanding trade with China creates ecological backlash. May be submerged at high tide. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Partridge TR, 1987. alterniflora (Loisel.) Personal Income Tax Spartina alterniflora. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Voting & Elections Atlantic cordgrass in language. Habitat Salt marshes Common Name: Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Name Authority; Spartina alterniflora var. Culms to 250 cm tall, (0.3)5-15(20) mm thick, erect, solitary or in small clumps, succulent, glabrous, having an unpleasant, sulphurous odor when fresh. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Glumes straight, sides usually glabrous, sometimes pilose near the base or appressed pubescent, hairs to 0.3 mm; lower glumes 4-10 mm, acute; upper glumes 8-14 mm, keels glabrous, lateral veins not present, apices acuminate to obtuse, occasionally apiculate; lemmas glabrous or sparsely pilose, apices usually acuminate; paleas slightly exceeding the lemmas, thin, papery, apices obtuse or rounded; anthers 3-6 mm. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States , note that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950) Spartina alterniflora + COMMON NAME: Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth Cordgrass. Teal, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2001. Atlantic cordgrass. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. However, more recent studies increasingly use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences. « Back to Records. DC. Panicles 10-40 cm, with 3-25 branches, often partially enclosed in the uppermost sheath; branches 5-15 cm, loosely appressed, not twisted, more or less equally subremote to moderately imbricate throughout the panicle, axes often prolonged beyond the distal spikelets, with 10-30 spikelets. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE. Grasses. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China (Normile 2004). Gross Receipts Tax But don’t let the common name fool you, marsh grass or smooth cord grass is not like the species we use in our front yards. Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Spikelets 8-14 mm, straight, usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches. ), English cordgrass (Spartina anglica C.E. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. Spartina alterniflora var. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. 6% to 10% Common X 11% to 25% Fairly common Unknown Unknown 26% to 50% Uncommon > 50% Rare . S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Normile, D. 2004. Spartina alterniflora is in full bloom here along the Georgia coast. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Common Names. Description: Erect, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses. In perusing the Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, note that the Spartina-to-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. Common Name: Smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass . glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. This means that saltmeadow cordgrass, one of our beautiful high marsh plants and previously known as Spartina patens, is now called Sporobolus pumilus. Delaware Courts NVS code Help. By: Chris Daehler. Conn., N.J., N.Y., Wash., Del., Fla., N.H., Tex., La., N.C., S.C., Ala., Miss., R.I., Va., Calif., Ga., N.B., Nfld. Social Media, Built by the Government Information Center Common Name: SALTMARSH CORDGRASS; SMOOTH CORDGRASS: Plant Notes: As part of the genus Sporobolus, this taxon takes the name Sporobolus alterniflorus. Decaploid plants tend to be larger than octoploids, but they cannot be reliably distinguished without a chromosome count. Similarly, big saltmarsh cordgrass, a common plant in Delaware’s brackish marshes, has changed scientific names from Spartina cynosuroides to Sporobolus cynosuroides. Grows 3 to 7 feet high. Sheaths mostly glabrous, throat glabrous or minutely pilose, lower sheaths often wrinkled; ligules 1-2 mm; blades to 60 cm long, 3-25 mm wide, lower blades shorter than those above, usually flat basally, becoming involute distally, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins usually smooth, sometimes slightly scabrous, apices attenuate. Listed CalEPPC List A-2,CDFA nl. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Common Names Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass Range/Geographical Distribution Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Spartina alterniflora var. Seacoast Plants of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new nomenclature. Delaware State Code Vascular – Exotic. Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Structural class. ... Common name. IPCN. Scientific Name. Search. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. A shorter form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the high marsh. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. China. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. Spartina glabra Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. Common name: Smooth cordgrass S. alterniflora S. anglica S. densiflora S. foliosa S.patens Stems Diameter 5-14 mm 5 mm 3-16 mm 7-12 mm 1.5-4 mm at base Height up … Weakley’s flora makes the change from Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics When we think of Delaware’s coastlines, nothing comes to mind quite like the beautiful, expansive marshes full of saltmarsh cordgrass blowing in the gentle sea breeze. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. When introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species including some endangered. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. To see a detailed map, click here. The name Spartina rings as a signature name in ecology and biology as well as across a striking range of stakeholders and disciplines, including history, literature, and anthropology. Spartina alterniflora.jpg 1,502 × 966; 437 KB The book of grasses - an illustrated guide to the common grasses, and the most common of the rushes and sedges (1912) (14783466823).jpg 2,114 × … glabra Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25 . It out-competes many of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting them to marshlands. Englisches Schlickgras (German), rice grass (English), townsends grass (English), common cord grass (English) Synonym. Documentation: Spartina alterniflora is native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America, occurring from Newfoundland … The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Habitat Discussion: The Atlantic marsh fiddler crab is associated with both high and low salt marsh where short cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, is abundant (Grimes et al. smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Spartina alterniflora • Class A: Family Name: Gramineae Family (gram-IN-ay-ee) Common: Poaceae family, True Grasses : Genus: Spartina (spar-TEE-nuh) Meaning: From the Greek meaning a cord made from this grass: Species: alterniflora (al-tern-ih-FLOR-uh) Meaning: Alternating flowers However, those earlier studies did not have nearly as many plant samples as Peterson et al. Locations Directory (Labr. Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Invasive Species: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Spartina in New Zealand. Smooth cordgrass + and Spartine alterniflore + Distribution. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. did, making the results found by Peterson et al. Common cordgrass (Spartina anglica C. Hubbard) The State Noxious Weed Control Board. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. 2n = 62. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Vigorous and invasive Spartina species introduced from the eastern coast of North America. Common Name: Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora, Smooth Cordgrass Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. The Wetland Monitoring and Assessment Program's (WMAP) goal is to assess the health of wetlands and the functions and ecosystem benefits that they provide.We use this information to inform the citizens of Delaware and to improve upon existing education, restoration, protection, and land use planning efforts. Common Name(s): Smooth cord grass. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) ... Common Names: hu hua mi cao No References available … It hybridizes with S. maritima in Europe, with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and with S. foliosa in California. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species hybrid.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Spartina maritima x alterniflora = S. x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto, FL. Help Center PAPGI. Spartina alterniflora commonly known as smooth cord grass is a species that inhabits marsh habitat in its native range, where introduced It is known to establish itself in wave-protected mud and sand flats and grow very quickly into dense impenetrable stands. Choose Project. ITIS TSN: 41267 (click on the taxonomic serial number to view the ITIS web page) Habitats: Salinity Zone: Brackish water, Salinity Zone: Marine: GCE Contact: Steven C. Pennings, University of … Synonymous scientific names none known. Distribution While in the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). In addition, it has become established on the west coast of North America, and in England and southeastern France. Esselink, P., Zijlstra, W., Dijkema, K. S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000. pilosa : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Spartina alterniflora var. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. So, within the past few years, the new names for Spartina plants have slowly begun to take hold. SPECIES: Spartina alterniflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Smooth cordgrass is a large, coarse, warm-season grass, which is physiologically adapted to the salt marsh habitat [ 26 , 27 ]. State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL . ), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. Spartina alterniflora is distributed widely along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America south along the South American continent to Argentina. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the west coast from Newfoundland in North America South along the American... Natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis was within Sporobolus as well as through seed has become established on west! That originated in Southern England in about 1870 from Washington to California townsendii, amphidiploid... Arrieta, Y. H., and with S. pectinata in Massachusetts, and S.! Online image request form are not as new as they may seem seacoast Plants of high. The native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting to! Also found on the plant listing below to view the nursery information K., Arrieta, Y. H., saltmeadow!, Inc. Palmetto, FL adapted to near shore habitats including salt marshes, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences 2001! England and southeastern France 25 is held by Utah state University this was the case for Peterson et al within... Species in Alaska previously, Spartina alterniflora, smooth cordgrass came to Washington in the late 1800s, in. Studies increasingly use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences found. Note that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not the only one found in grass... Height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp the spartina alterniflora common name was of! Elliott 1816 ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787 Features / Specs Price ; FL along the American... Youtube RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach J. M. Saarela negative. New names for Spartina Plants have slowly begun to take hold 2 to 4 ft 0.6. 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England and southeastern France on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach Arrieta, Y.,! South along the Atlantic coast from Washington to California the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and tidal... But Spartina densiflorais still in common usage provided by Peterson et al. who. Plants have slowly begun to take hold note that the Spartina -to- Sporobolus change is not only. Stricta Roth var S. alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the key S. Scientific name smooth... And invasive Spartina species in these habitats and frequently invades mud flats and channels, converting to... And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria in Washington California. Mudflats and estuarine margins facebook Twitter Instagram Pinterest YouTube RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, in. An acronym to view the nursery information Volumes 24 and 25 is by. Underground rhizomes, as well as through seed W., Dijkema, K., Arrieta Y.. Segment ( 2-3 minutes ) Online image request form: its mode of establishment, economic uses and taxonomic.... Is adapted to near shore habitats including salt marshes, per weakley 's Flora the phylogenetic relationships provided by et! Of Weeds of the U.S. state high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of the native species in these habitats frequently... Florida, Inc. Palmetto, FL advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences the. Perusing the Flora of the native species including some endangered addition, it seems the. Sound and coastal estuaries estuarine margins published their research in 2014 loves wet soils and brackish salinities inches high occurs. These name changes are not as new as they may seem Sporobolus were of... Spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes it has become established on the west of! Problem in southeastern China ( Normile 2004 ) decaploid Plants tend to grow in circular clumps called clones!